Famous Waterfalls in India and the World (Static GK Material for Competitive Exams)

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Famous Waterfalls in India and the World

In India

Dudhsagar Fall – Goa

  • Dudhsagar Fall is a tiered Waterfall created by the river Mandovi in the state of Goa.
  • The height of this fall is 1,020 ft.
  • It is the highest waterfall of India and is 227th in the world.
  • Dudhsagar fall is also known as “Sea of Milk”.

Jog Falls- Karnataka

  • Jog Falls are created by river Sharavathi in Shimoga district of Karnataka.
  • Jog Falls is the Second highest plunge falls in India.
  • The height of Jog falls is 800 ft.
  • It was declared as one of the UNESCO ecological hot spots in the world.

Nonsngithiang Waterfall – Meghalaya

  • Nonsngithiang Waterfall is the 4th highest waterfall in India.
  • This waterfall is also known as the seven sisters waterfalls.
  • This is a segmented type waterfall and is situated in the East Khasi Hills district in Meghalaya near the Mawsmai Village, so it is also called Mawsmai Falls.

Kunchikal Falls – Karnataka

  • Kunchikal Falls is located in Nidagodu village near Masthikatte in Shimoga district of State Karnataka.
  • The total height of the fall is 1493 ft.
  • The fall is created by Varahi River.
  • The Kunchikal waterfall rank 116th in height in the world and is India’s highest waterfall.

Baheripani Falls – Odisha

  • Baheripani Falls is a two tiered waterfall located in Simlipal National Park in Mayurbhanj district in Odisha.
  • It is created by Budhabalanga River. Simlipal National Park is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild Elephants, Gaurs and Chausingha.
  • The Height of this fall is 1309 ft. and it is the second highest waterfall of India.

Langshiang Falls – Meghalaya

  • The Langshiang falls is located near the village of Sangriang in West Khasi Hills district in State of Meghalaya.
  • The height of this fall is 1,106 ft.The fall is created by the river Kynshi.

Nohkalikai Falls – Meghalaya

  • Nohkalikai falls is the tallest plunge waterfall in India.
  • The height of this fall is 1115 feet.
  • The waterfall is located near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on Earth, in Meghalaya State.

In World

Niagara Falls

  • Niagara Falls consists of three waterfalls that are located on the border of Ontario and New York, America.
  • These falls are crested by Niagara River.
  • The total height of these falls is 167 ft.
  • The name of three falls are- The Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls.

Victoria Falls

  • Victoria Falls is a waterfall in Southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border between Zambai and Zimbabwe.
  • The height of the fall is 355 ft.
  • The other name of the fall is Mosi-oa-Tunga, meaning ” the smoke that thunder “.
  • Victoria Falls create the biggest curtain of falling water in the world and is also one of the seven natural wonders of the world.

Angel Falls

  • Angel falls is a waterfall in Venezuela.
  • It is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall,with a height of 3,211 feet and a plunge of 2,368 feet.
  • The falls are created by a tributary of Carrao River, itself part of Orinoco River. Angel Falls are called Salto Angel in Spanish.

Iguazu Falls

  • Iguazu Falls are created by Iguazu River on the border of the Argentine province of Misiones and Brazilian state of Parana.
  • These falls are the longest waterfall system in the world.
  • The falls are nearly three times wider than Niagara falls and a greater width than the Victoria Falls.
  • The falls divide the river into the upper and lower lguazu.

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