Important Articles of Indian Constitution (Static GK Material for Competitive Exams)

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Important Articles of India, Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Right to Equality, Article 36 – Definition of Directive Principles of State, Right to Freedom, Right to Constitutional Remedies, Definition of the State Equality before Law, Prohibition of discrimination, Equality of opportunities in matters of public employment, Abolition of Untouchability, Abolition of titles, Railways RRB Group D 2018 Study Material, SSC exams, Static G.K., Static Science GK Material for Competitive exams like SSC, Study material for ALP, Lucent G.K. material for History, Pearson Study Material, History Notes, History Notes for Competitive Exams, One Liners for History.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Part I contains Article 1 to Article 4

Article 1 – Name and territory of the union.
Article 2 – Admission and Establishment of the new State.
Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of the boundaries, areas, and the name of existing states.

Part II contains Article 5 to Article 11

Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution.
Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship.
Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by Law.

Part III contains Article 12 to Article 35

Article 12 – Definition of the State.
Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.

Right to Equality

Article 14 – Equality before Law.
Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.
Article 16 – Equality of opportunities in matters of public employment.
Article 17 – Abolition of Untouchability.
Article 18 – Abolition of titles.

Right to Freedom

Article 19 – Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc.
Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction of offences.
Article 21 – Protection of life and personal property.
Article 21 A – Right to Education.
Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right against exploitation

Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc.

Right to Freedom of Religion

Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion.
Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Article 27 – Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
Article 28 – Freedom as to attendance at religious instructions or religious worship in certain educational institutions.

Cultural and Educational Rights

Article 29 – Protection of interests of minorities
Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

Saving of Laws

Article 31A – Saving of Laws providing for acquisition of estates etc.
Article 31B – Validation of certain Acts and Regulations.
Article 31C – Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles.

Rights to Constitutional Remedies

Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this part.
Article 33 – Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this part in their applications to forces etc.
Article 34 – Restriction on rights conferred by this part while martial laws in form in any area.
Article 35 – Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part.

Part IV contains Directive Principles of State Policy it contain articles from 36 to 51

Article 36 – Definition of Directive Principles of State
Article 37 – Application of DPSP
Article 38 – State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people.
Article 39 – Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State.
Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid.
Article 40 – Organisation of village panchayats.
Article 41- Right to work,to education and to public assistance in certain cases.
Article 42 – Provision for for just and humane condition of work and maternity relief.
Article 43 – Living wage etc for worker.
Article 43A – Participation of workers in management of industries.
Article 43B – The state shall endeavor to promote voluntary formation,autonomous.functioning, democratic control and professional management of operative society.
Article 44 – Uniform civil code for the citizen.
Article 45 – Provision for early childhood care and educational to children below the age of six year
Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled Castes,Scheduled tribes,and other weaker sections.
Article 47 – Duty of state to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living and to improve public health.
Article 48 – Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Article 48A – Protection and improvement amd of environment and safeguarding of forest and wildlife.
Article 49 – Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance.
Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from executive.
Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security.

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