Important Articles of Indian Constitution Part 2 (Static GK Material for Competitive Exams)

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Fundamental Duties, Part IV of Indian Constitution, Parliament, The Union, Part V of Indian Constitution, Part VI of Indian Constitution,G.K.Notes for Railway Exams, Lucent G.K. material, General notes for Exams, Lucent G.K. material for History, Pearson Study Material, History Notes, History Notes for Competitive Exams, One Liners for History.

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Part IV A Article 51 A Fundamental Duties

The Fundamental Duties noted in the constitution are as follows:

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India —

  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  • To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures;
  • To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
  • To safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
  • Who is a parent or guardian, to provide opportunities for education to his child, or as the case may be, ward between the age of six to fourteen years.
  • To abide by the Constitution and respect it’s ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
  • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;

Part V The Union

Chapter-I The Executive

Article 52 – The President of India
Article 53 – Executive power of the Union
Article 54 – Election of President
Article 61 – Procedure for impeachment of the President
Article 63 – The Vice – President of India
Article 64 – The Vice – President to be ex-officio Chairman of the Council of States
Article 65 – The Vice – President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence of President
Article 66 – Election of Vice – President
Article 72 – Power of President to grant pardons etc and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
Article 74 – Council of Ministers to aid and advise President
Article 76 – Attorney General for India

Chapter-II : Parliament

Article 79 – Constitution of Parliament
Article 80 – Composition of the Council of State (Rajya Sabha)
Article 81 – Composition of the House of the People (Lok Sabha)
Article 83 – Duration of Houses of Parliament
Article 84 – Qualification for Membership of Parliament
Article 85 – Sessions of Parliament, prorogation and dissolution
Article 86 – Right of President to address and send messages to houses
Article 87 – Special address by the President
Article 88 – Rights of Ministers and Attorney General as respect Houses
Article 89 – The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of states
Article 90 – Vacation and resignation of, and removal from , the office of Deputy Chairman
Article 93 – The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
Article 94 – Vacation and resignation of , and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker
Article 95 – Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker
Article 98 – Secretariat of Parliament
Article 99 – Oath or affirmation by members
Article 100 – Voting in Houses , power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
Article 105 – Powers, privileges etc of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees there of
Article 106 – Salaries and allowances of members Article 107 Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills
Article 108 – Joint sitting of both Houses in certain cases
Article 109 – Special procedure in respect of Money Bills
Article 110 – Definition of ‘Money Bills’
Article 111 – Assent to Bills
Article 112 – Annual financial statement (Budget)
Article 113 – Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates
Article 114 – Appropriation Bills
Article 115 – Supplementary, additional or excess grants
Article 116 – Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants
Article 117 – Special provision as to financial Bills
Article 118 – Rules of procedure
Article 119 – Regulation by law of procedure in Parliament in relation to financial business
Article 120 – Language to be used in Parliament
Article 121 – Restriction on discussion in Parliament
Article 122 – Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament

Chapter-III : Legislative Powers of the President

Article 123 – Power of President to promulgate Ordinance during recess of Parliament

Chapter- IV : The Union Judiciary

Article 124 – Establishment and Constitution of Supreme Court
Article 125 – Salaries etc. of Judges
Article 126 – Appointment of acting Chief Justice
Article 127 – Appointment of ad hoc Judges
Article 128 – Attendence of retired Judge at sittings of the Supreme Court
Article 129 – Supreme Court to be a Court of record
Article 130 – Seat of Supreme Court
Article 131 – Original jurisdiction of Supreme Court
Article 132 – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Court in certain cases
Article 133 – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Court in regard to civil matters
Article 134 – Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters
Article 134 A – Certificate for appeals to the Supreme Court
Article 135 – Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court
Article 136 – Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court
Article 137 – Review of judgement or orders by the Supreme Court
Article 138 – Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
Article 141 – Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all Courts
Article 143 – Power of President to consult Supreme Court
Article 144 – Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court
Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor – General of India

Chapter-V Comptroller and Auditor – General of India

Article 149 – Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor – General

Part VI The States

Article 152 – 237 – The Government at the State level: The Executive, The State Legislature, The High Court and Subordinate Court.

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