Mission Indradhanush Scheme: Zindagi Indradhanush Banayein!

This article on Mission Indradhanush Scheme consists of : ABOUT THE SCHEME,Objectives,strategies,area under cover, achieving sustainable development goal.

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Mission Indradhanush Scheme: Zindagi Indradhanush



“A healthy mind resides in a healthy body”



"Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease"

“Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease”


Every child has the right to have a disease free life and a lively childhood. In this era of hustle lifestyle, it is very important to be fit and healthy in order to match the pace of the machinery virtual based world.Improving the health status of children of our country is amongst the top priorities of the government to have a bight future of the nation.

“Let no child suffer from any vaccine-preventable disease”.Keeping this as a sole goal, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) has launched Mission Indradhanush on 25th December 2014 with the aim of expanding immunization coverage to all children across India by year 2020. Immunization is the key to protect children from life threatening conditions that are preventable. It was launched by Union Health Minister J P Nadda on the occasion of National Good Governance Day.


The Mission is strategically designed to achieving high quality routine immunization coverage while contributing to strengthening health systems that can be sustained over years to come. In the last few years, India’s full immunization coverage has increased only by 1% per year. The Mission has been launched to accelerate the process of immunization and achieve full immunization coverage for all children in the country.

The Mission Indradhanush, depicting seven colours of the rainbow, targets to immunize all children below two years of age and pregnant women against seven vaccine preventable diseases namely:

  • Diphtheria,
  • Pertussis,
  • Tetanus,
  • Childhood Tuberculosis,
  • Polio,
  • Hepatitis B and
  • Measles.

In addition to this, vaccines for

  • JE (Japanese Encephalitis) and
  • Hib (Haemophilusinfluenzae type B) are also being provided in selected states.

The mission to vaccinate children will be held in October, November, December and January 2016, from seventh of the month for seven days barring Thursdays. The programme will be implemented in four stages.


Mission Indradhanush will target 201 high priority districts in the first phase and 297 districts for the second phase in the year 2015. The implementation of the first phase of the Mission in 201 high focus districts commenced from 7th April 2015, World Health Day.The ultimate goal is to protect all children and pregnant women against vaccine preventable diseases in India.
Within the districts, the Mission focuses on the 400,000 high risk settlements identified by the polio eradication programme. These are the pockets with low coverage due to geographic, demographic, ethnic and other operational challenges. Evidence has shown that most of the unvaccinated and partially vaccinated children are concentrated in these areas. The following areas are targeted through special immunization campaigns:
  • High risk areas identified by the polio eradication programme. These include populations living in areas such as:
    1.Urban slums with migration
    3. Brick kilns
    4. Construction sites
    5.Other migrants (fisherman villages, riverine areas with shifting populations etc.) and Underserved and hard to reach populations (forested and tribal populations etc.
  • Areas with low routine immunization (RI) coverage (pockets with Measles/vaccine preventable disease (VPD) outbreaks).
  • Areas with vacant sub-centers: No ANM posted for more than three months.
  • Areas with missed Routine Immunisation (RI) sessions: ANMs on long leave and similar reasons.
  • Small villages, hamlets, dhanis or purbas clubbed with another village for RI sessions and not having independent RI sessions.



Mission Indradhanush will be a national immunization drive to strengthen the key functional areas of immunization for ensuring high coverage throughout the country with special attention to districts with low immunization coverage. The broad strategy, based on evidence and best practices, will include four basic elements-

1. Meticulous planning of campaigns/sessions at all levels: Ensure revision of microplans in all blocks and urban areas in each district to ensure availability of sufficient vaccinators and all vaccines during routine immunization sessions. Develop special plans to reach the unreached children in more than 400,000 high risk settlements such as urban slums, construction sites, brick kilns, nomadic sites and hard-toreach areas.

2. Effective communication and social mobilization efforts: Generate awareness and demand for immunization services through need-based communication strategies and social mobilization activities to enhance participation of the community in the routine immunization programme through mass media, mid media, interpersonal communication (IPC), school and youth networks and corporates.

3. Intensive training of the health officials and frontline workers: Build the capacity of health officials and workers in routine immunization activities for quality immunization services.

4. Establish accountability framework through task forces: Enhance involvement and accountability/ownership of the district administrative and health machinery by strengthening the district task forces for immunization in all districts of India and ensuring the use of concurrent session monitoring data to plug the gaps in implementation on a real time basis. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will establish collaboration with other Ministries, ongoing programmes and international partners to promote a coordinated and synergistic approach to improve routine immunization coverage in the country.



WHO, UNICEF, Rotary International and others will be donor partners for Mission Indradhanush. While the mass media, interpersonal communication will play crucial role to monitor and evaluate the sturdy mechanisms for implementing this mission.The collaboration will support the efforts of the states and the districts for advocacy and community mobilization for Polio Eradication Programme,routine immunization including Mission Indradhanush, Intensified Mission Indradhanush and Measles-Rubella.

The Committee was set up in 1988 by Rotary International for polio eradication efforts in the country. It is based in Delhi. It organizes large teams.It is based in Delhi. It organizes large teams of committed Rotary volunteers who help in vaccine delivery to infants and children and ensure social mobilization.It works in close cooperation with the Indian  government, World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other bodies such as US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.


Partially immunized and unimmunized children are most susceptible to childhood diseases and are at a much higher risk of dying as compared to fully immunized children. If that were not reason enough, immunizing children can go well beyond saving individual lives. It can help in preventing large-scale outbreaks of diseases as well as keeping the disease under control in an area, thus reducing the stress on an already burdened health system.

Thus, full immunization is critical  to reduce child mortality and progress on socio-economic indicators.  To conclude we can say that Mission Indradhanush scheme is a master stroke in fulling the sustainable goals set up by united nations of eradicating diseases, reduce infant mortality rate, provide more aid to pregnant woman and her baby.




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