President of India ( Indian Polity ) Part 1

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Indian polity carries the good weightage in most of the exams be it UPSC, state PSC banks and SSC.

In this post, we will give you the summary of president topic. The summary includes the articles and all other important concepts of this chapter.

There are two form of democratic form of government:-

Presidential and Parliamentary form of government

India has adopted Parliamentary form of government like Britain and in USA there is Presidential form of government

In Parliamentary form of government President is the nominal executive ( constitutional Head ) and real power is vested in Council of Ministers. The head of the Council of Ministers is Prime Minister. Members of the council are elected and collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha ( Lower house of the parliament). In Presidential form of government legislative is separated from executive.

Article 52 :- There shall be a president of India

Article 53 :- Executive powers of the president

Executive powers of the union government are vested in President and exercised by him directly or indirectly

Electoral College Of The President

Article 54 :-

The president is elected indirectly by a electoral college consisting of :-

  1. The elected members of both the houses of the parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha )
  2. Elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states
  3. Elected members of legislative assembly of National Capital  Territory of Delhi  and Pondicherry

Members of legislative council and nominated members of lok sabha, Rajya sabha and legislative assemblies of states do not take part in the election of president

Article 55 :-

Manner of election of president in accordance with system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote

Article 56 :-

Term of office of president

  • 5 years
  • President addresses his resignation letter to vice president and vice president communicate it to speaker of house of the people ( Lok Sabha)

Article 57 :-

Eligibility  for re- election

In India a person can be re-elected for president as many times he wishes

In America a person can become president only for twice

Article 58 :-

Qualification for election as president

person should be a citizen of India

he / she Should have completed the age of thirty five years

The person should be qualified to be elected as a member of The House of People ( aaLok sabha )

Should not hold any office of profit (post of President, Vice – President, Governor, Minister of Union and State are not considered as office of profit

Article 59 :-

Conditions of President’s office

Article 59 (3) and Article 59 (4)

Emoluments and allowances of President

The salary of president is appropriated form consolidated funds of India

Salary of president is free from income tax

Article 60 :-

Oath and affirmation by the president

The oath is taken in presence of Chief Justice of India or in his absence, in front of senior most judge of SC

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