Labour is one of the most critical factors of production. Industrial peace and harmony can be achieved only when the goals of employment and employ ability are in tune with the goals of industrial development and growth. In this respect Union government is focusing on welfare of the Workforce of India in prevailing scenario and striving towards“Making India a Better Work Place for All”
Government has taken several initiatives for promoting conducive industrial and business environment in the country and catalyze creation of employment opportunities while ensuring safety, health and social security of every worker.
Employees’ State Insurance (abbreviated as ESI) is a self-financing social security and health insurance scheme for Indian workers. This fund is managed by the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) according to rules and regulations stipulated there in the ESI Act 1948. ESIC is an autonomous corporation by a statutory creation under Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India.
BENEFITS FROM ESIS:
For all employees earning ₹21,000 (US$320) or less per month as wages, the employer contributes 4.75 percent and employee contributes 1.75 percent, total share 6.5 percent. S This fund is managed by the ESI Corporation (ESIC) according to rules and regulations stipulated there in the ESI Act 1948, which oversees the provision of medical and cash benefits to the employees and their family. ESI scheme is a type of social security scheme for employees in the organised sector.
The employees registered under the scheme are entitled to
medical treatment for themselves and their dependents, unemployment cash benefit in certain contingencies and maternity benefit in case of women employees.
In case of employment-related disablement or death, there is provision for a disablement benefit and a family pension respectively.
Outpatient medical facilities are available in 1418 ESI dispensaries and through 1,678 private medical practitioners.
Inpatient care is available in 145 ESI hospitals and 42 hospital annexes with a total of 19,387 beds. In addition, several state government hospitals also have beds for exclusive use of ESI Beneficiaries.
Cash benefits can be availed in any of 830 ESI centres throughout India.
Recent years have seen an increasing role of information technology in ESI, with the introduction of Pehchan smart cards as a part of Project Panchdeep.In addition to insured workers, poor families eligible under the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana can also avail facilities in ESI hospitals and dispensaries. ESI Corporation also runs medical, nursing and paramedical schools in some ESI hospitals across India.